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Slave Resistance and Effects of Slave Resistance

Slavery is 16th to 19th century refers to a kind of institution in which people were considered as ones property and that person known as master possessed right to take all decision related to him. Slave held no right to use his will during being sold and purchased and under the slavery of someone. A slave did not even have right to demand for wages or something else. In slavery, person was not considered as a normal human being since he had no social status. In some societies master had legal right to kill his slave while in some society it was not legal to kill the slave. However slavery has long back history but the largest trade of human history was the African’s trade by English into different colonies of England. Resistance by slaves is always present where there is slavery. Enslaved Africans also showed resistance in a range of active and passive ways. This resistance was observed on day-to-day basis and it was the most common form of slave resistance. Besides, there were other forms adopted by African slaves as resistance such as tools braking, slowdown production, pretend to be ill, doing acts like fire-starting and so on.

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The most common form of slave resistance was escape or run away. They ran away as far as short distance and did not try to escape permanently. In fact, they try to delay their labor to bargain and negotiate economic issues. The main purpose of resistance was not mainly escape from slavery but negotiation over the velocity of work, the free avail time, and reward of their labor and freedom to participate in marriages, funerals, and other religious ceremonies. Among them there were few who wanted permanent slavery. In order to make an escape, the route used the most was the Underground Railroad to the Free States while these runaways escaped to southward cities or to natural sanctuary like swamps. Usually runaways were honored and fortunate slaves who had worked as river boatmen or coachmen and known about the outer world. In the colonial period escapee slaves struggled to make runaway communities which were known as maroon colonies. These communities were located in swamps, heaps, or front line regions, some of these communities opposed imprison for several decades. Avail discount on best  assignment help  to complete academic tasks


John Hope Franklin (2000) has mentioned the other’s methods used by the slaves and its effects during the 1800s in his book‘from slavery to freedom: a history of African Americans’. He argued that where slavery exists there were resistances also. Laws for providing protection to slaves were either very dew or were not enforced. However there were different ranges of punishment for slaves form whipping to severing of limbs and there was no concept of masters’ conviction. Since slaves were used for economics benefits and were mean of economic gains. To escape such inhuman and brutal act they used hums or songs, different customs and rituals, self-injury, and some case suicide. Negro Africans had belief that they would be freed from slavery in the next world. They also used to cut off their toes and hands to enable them to perform ineffectively as workers. Since there was no law for the protection of slaves therefore their masters would treat them as they want. Slaves were physically tortured, beaten and disrespected. Slave’s runaway was escape from the suffering. 


The major effect of slave resistance was the mass execution of those slaves. In different cases the resistance of slaves’ outcome was death for them. In 1974, a slave conspiracy was revealed in New York, and for this 18 slaves were hanged to death and 13 were burned to death. In the result of revelation of Denmark slave conspiracy, 37 slaves were hanged to death. In another Nat Turner's rebellion, local armed people killed 100 slaves. In the South the prerequisite for a resistance in the form of rebellion was not available and it caused them more suffering and pain. However, violent resistance was commonly low in the American South and the same resistance was observed in Brazil and Caribbean. Compared to the Caribbean, scenarios for successful constant insurgence in the American South were miserable. Slaves were more than whites by ten or eleven to one in Jamaica. In the South, there was a large white population to suppress to resistances. In common, Africans were more to be expected than slaves born in the New World to contribute in absolute revolts. Not only had many Africans fight experience before to enslavement, but they also had smaller number family and community bound that might slow down violent revolution.


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